The Chapter of
The Traducer (Al Humazah) has descended in Mecca following the chapter of Al-Qýyamah (The Rising of
the dead) and consists of nine verses.
Bismillahirrahmanirrahim, (In the name of Allah, the Beneficient, the Merciful)
1-2 Woe unto
every slandering traducer (who has made a habit of talking behind the backs and ridiculing to the faces).
That person has gathered the wealth of this world and all the time he has counted and arranged it.
3. He thinks
that they (his wealth and his possessions) will make him immortal
4. Nay, but
verily he will be flung to the consuming one (Hutamah).
5.Ah! Do you
know what the Consuming One/ Hutamah is?
6-7.It is the
fire of Allah, and as it burns it climbs over the hearts of men.
8-9. They have
been tied to the columns stretched out into the fire and the fire is closed onto them.
The word ‘’humazah’’
means to traduce both with the tongue and the eye, whereas ‘’lumazah’’ is to traduce only by the tongue;
which is to ridicule and to make fun of the people and to try to show that they have some deficiencies,
Abbas says :
the one who traduces with the tongue and ridicules against the face; that means the one who
criticises and attacks with the words.’’
Ibn Enes says ‘’The word humazah is to ridicule by the facial expressions and lumazah is the
says ‘’HE mocks by the tongue and the eye, eats the meat of the people and attacks them’’
Mucahid says ‘’Humazah is done with the hand and the eye’’, wheras Lumazah is
done with the tongue.
Zeyd also says the same.
narrates from Ibn Elsem ‘’The word humazah means to pull out the meat of
the people ‘’.
says that this is a general expression...
who gathers his possessions and counts them one by one.’’ As Allah teala
states in another verse ‘’He, who gathers his wealth and keeps them in a bowl’’
(Al Maarij/ The Ascending Stairways 18)
Suddi and Ibn
Cebr say so.
Mohammad Ibn Kab says ‘’during daytime his wealth helps him to spend time in oneway or another and at
night time he sleeps like a dead animal who is apt to decay’’.
thinks that his wealth will make him become immortal’’. He thinks that
gathering up wealth will make him stay in this world eternally.
would definitely be thrown into the Hutamah/ the Consuming fire’’.
No, the truth
is not as he thinks nor as he estimates. The one who collects all those possessions, all that wealth
and counts them continuously will definitely be thrown into the consuming fire/the hutamah.
Hutamah is one
of the names of hell that has become an attribute, because it pounds everyone who are in it .
Allahutaala states in the verse that follows the above:-
know what hutamah is? It is the fire of Allah that has been set and it climbs up to diffuse into the
Sabit el Benani
says ‘’This statement expresses that the torment has reached them.’’
In our opinion
the things that The Chapter of the Traducer (Al Humazah) that has descended in Mecca wants to tell have
been put into three groups which are interrelated :-
The first is
to traduce and backbite the humans by words either openly or behind their backs.
The second is
having a desire for the worldly life, therefore gathering material things, belongings and consuming
one’s life-time in such a way,
The third is to
be subject to torment and pain in return for the above .
Yes, by means
of plain logic, you have to evaluate the subject in this manner.
When we think
that an individual unit’s face is turned towards the world (towards the worldly life and possessions),
it is most probable that he will live in pain and torment in the dimension of the akhirat. The
absolute creator has attributed the name ‘’Hutamah’’ which means burning fire. Hutamah is not
the fire in the sense that we know, but it is used to describe a torment, a suffering.
conscious gets veiled, the individual cannot catch the truth and as a result of this he lives without
caring about the divine rules and the decrees. He, therefore feels himself in continuous suffering
even in the world- life and in short he remains at a level where he cannot remember the purpose of his
existence. This is what is being meant by ‘’hutamah’’.
Let us explain
creator has made this universe come into existence from nothing and in this universe the values that
are being accepted and lived in the individualistic sense are all relative, therefore every individual
/every unit that accepts these concepts is a slave of the hutamah. The reason is that with respect to
Allah these conditions are not valid.
to this point Muhyiddin Arabi warns ‘’The universe of existence is nothing other than the reflection
of Allah’s revelations onto the dimension of multiplicity.’’
When one does
not make such an evaluation and sees things as less or lacking, in other words when one does make a
cleaning in his feelings , then this signals a depression that one would go through in the daily
life. Just have a careful look around and you can see this in those types who have got stuck to the
concepts created by the human nature. The Koran has named this state of mind as Hutamah.
As a result of
this, the human being starts to live a life full of suffering in this world and when he goes to the
after life realm he has to face a more stronger torment in the dimension of hell.
Hutamah can be
made to extinguish in the brain slowly or it may totally be abolished by not reacting to the
criticisms and by not having nonsense thoughts such as ‘’Will they make fun of me?’’.
of all, one should accept these as a means for an examination and save himself from the negativity. One
should feel the existence of the creator in his essence; he should choose to expand by means of
sharing with others; he should spend the utmost effort for this purpose and support the ones who are
spending effort for the same purpose. Most important of all he should save himself from being
individualistic and should not permit any doubtful behaviour.
June 30th 2001